There is a misconception that a pregnant woman should eat for two people, but this is not true. Truth is that during pregnancy a woman should have good nutrition for two individuals. The growing baby gets all its nourishment from its mother through the umbilical cord, so diet is very important. If the mother is lacking in any vitamins and nutrients her baby might lack them too.
Going opposite is not a sagacious at the same time. It doesn’t suggest that you start eating less. When you are pregnant is not the time to go on a weight-loss diet or a time to restrict your food intake. Low-calorie diets can break down the stored fat you and your baby need and it can lead to the production of substances in your body which can be harmful to your baby.
During pregnancy you need approximately 2500 to 2700 calories per day. So, what is important is that you should get a balanced diet. If you experience fluctuating weight measures. Consult your doctor to work out a diet plan for yourself. A well-balanced diet should contain extra from all the food groups, for example dairy products, fruit, vegetables, fish, meat, eggs, fat and carbohydrates and minerals. Folic acid and vitamin B, are very important as they help prevent birth defects of the brain and spinal cord. Folic acid is so much important that most health care-takers(doctors) suggest the intake of folic acid supplements before and throughout pregnancy. You also can get folic acid from fortified breakfast cereals, dried beans, black beans, lentils, leafy green vegetables, peanuts, broccoli, asparagus, and orange juice. However, since it is very hard to get enough folic acid through food alone, the doctors encourage women to take a multivitamin containing folic acid every day. During pregnancy, a woman’s body needs more iron than usual to produce all the blood needed to supply nutrition to the placenta.
Good sources of iron are green vegetables such as broccoli and spinach, strawberries, muesli and wholemeal bread. Being anaemic before pregnancy is noticeable. Iron can help alot in that. It is often recommended that all pregnant women take an iron supplement every day from the 20th week of pregnancy. One of the drawback of the Iron supplements is that it causes constipation. To avoid constipation, eat lots of fibre-rich foods such as fruit, vegetables, wholemeal bread and cereal, prunes and prune juice. Drinking 2 to 3 litres of water each day will also help prevent constipation by keeping stools moist. The minerals zinc and calcium are also needed for the development of the baby inside. However, it is usually possible to obtain enough zinc and calcium by following a various diet.
Calcium is another important compnent of healthy diet since your baby’s calcium demands are high. Dairy products including milk, yogurt, or cheese are significant sources of calcium. Again green leafy vegetables and calcium-fortified foods like breakfast cereal can also provide calcium. Physicians often suggest supplements that contains calcium, zinc and folic acid altogether. Morever, you should cutt back on caffiene intake as well as alcohol. Remember what you take your baby takes. So, make sure your baby takes all the healthy and nutritious diet for which you are responsible on the whole.